AI and the law
The use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) by commercial actors and public authorities is increasing at an exponential rate. There are a number of reasons for this. First, the increased reliance on digital technologies has given rise to an abundance of data, a phenomenon commonly referred to as big data. Second, the realization concerning just how valuable this data is to commercial actors, has encouraged the development of technologies to analyse big data in order to gain insights into human behaviour and even more importantly, predict human behaviour.
One specific application of AI that is commonly used is predictive modelling and scoring. Based on applied statistics, mathematics, machine learning and data mining, this technology uses algorithms to analyse big data and identify patterns of human behaviour invisible to humans. This knowledge is then incorporated into computer models and used to identify and predict human behavior. These models are then incorporated into black-box decision-making systems, which regulate human interaction with the digital environment. This allows commercial actors and public authorities to minimize risk and increase effectivity. However, this is a powerful tool and can result in harms to the individual, especially in relation to personal autonomy.
AI developments are a challenge to traditional law. This is because technology is always far ahead of the law. This can be challenging for legal practitioners, used to finding straightforward answers in legal texts. As a consequence, the AI lawyer nowadays is required to be creative in finding legal solutions, in an ever-changing technical environment and where there is little legal precedent.
This course will provide the participant with the exposure to the technology behind modern AI applications. It will examine how these applications are being used in the modern digital society as well as its social effects. Moreover, it will provide the participant with practical experience in dealing with the legal issues resulting from the increased use of AI within society. In doing so, a number of legal regimes will be addressed, for example, Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) as well as the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). Finally, as traditional law lags behind technology, the role of ethics and morality will start to play a bigger role in the regulation of AI.
- The basic technology behind AI/predictive modelling and scoring
- The application of predictive modelling and scoring in the modern digital society
- The notions of surveillance, prediction and human manipulation
- The harms resulting from the application of AI/predictive modelling in the age of asymmetric information
- AI/Predictive modelling and the ECHR
- AI/Predictive modelling and the GDPR
- Practical implementation of the GDPR in system design (practical assignment)
- Ethical considerations and the future role of the law
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